Technology of Art Creation

art education, 2020-2022.


MINIPOGON is an experimental production plant for plastic recycling that explores alternative production methods, cooperative relations, self-management and develops the concept of equity with an economic base. This is a project that implies an intervention in the field of work (in culture), its deconstruction and new creation within the marginal and rejected. The production plant for making objects from recycled plastic works through the inclusion of marginal social groups (in this case students who are about to enter the field of work). The project tries to create a field for consideration of new social and economic values, but also to create a place where the politicization of production relations will be practically feasible and possible.

The project TECHNOLOGY OF ART CREATION – WORLD OF PLASTIC WASTE is realized by the minipogon group in cooperation with an organization focused on socially engaged practice – and the Bogdan Šuput High School of Design from Novi Sad, with the participation of a number of foreign collaborators, such as Rachel Clipa, program manager Office for Public Art (OPA) from Pittsburgh, Natalie Deewan, an independent artist from Vienna and Aleksandar Carić, an alternative musician from Portugal.

The project involved the organization of an extracurricular program of practical workshops through which students were trained to design and create products from recycled plastic, as well as to create their own awareness of sustainable living and a fair, environmentally responsible way of working (in art). Through several weeks of workshops, the students had the opportunity to learn about all segments of the process of processing plastic waste, which was collected directly at the school location, into ready-made designed products. This included collection, selection by type, preparation for shredding, shredding, pressing, extruding with the help of molds, etc., but also a series of discussions dedicated to a completely new approach to work, art, technology, sociality and design. The finale of one of the public workshops held in the spring of 2022 was rounded off with a concert that combined sound machines, instruments made from waste and voices.

Workshops with students were held in the premises of the School and the organization during 2021 and 2022, as well as outdoors, at the Detelinara in Novi Sad. The final public event in the form of an exhibition and discussion of all involved in the project is held in the school hall. As part of it, the active participation of students and teachers in local culture will be promoted, as well as the entire process of raising public awareness about sustainable community life.


1st workshop:

2nd workshop:

3rd workshop:


Partners: Center for new Media kuda_org and High School for Design Bogdan Šuput, Novi Sad

Production: NED Foundation, USA Embassy, 2020-2022.

Realization: minipogon

(NON-)WORKING HOURS – Tuning a Sustainable Community

participatory project, 2022.

Location: Strand – under the bridge, Novi Sad

Working hours: 25-31. July 2022, 2-7 pm


Through a one-week open workshop – talks, visitors had the opportunity to get to know all the segments of a production process based on the processing of plastic waste, which was collected directly at the Strand location, and turned into finished designed products. This involved collection, selection by type, preparation for shredding, shredding, pressing, extruding with the help of molds, etc. but also a series of discussions dedicated to a completely new approach to work, art, technology, sociality and design. The finale of this one-week adventure was rounded off with an impro-concert that combined sound machines, instruments made from waste and voices.

Program calendar:

Outdoor work: every day, 2-5 pm

Talks: July 26, 27 and 28 from 5-7 p.m

Preparation for the concert and public rehearsal: July 29, 2-7 p.m

Concert: July 30, 5-7 p.m



Open air work: 2-7 p.m

Preparation of work space, organization of work and responsibilities, creation of work plan and open calendar, installation of collection points.



Collection, separation, transport, purchase of waste plastic.

Open air work: 2-5 p.m

Conversation: 5-7 p.m

Discussion on the topic of the phenomenon of plastic material in the context of social relations of production and consumption.

Moderator: Vahida Ramujkić (mini-drive)

Guests of the spoken part: Miša (professional plastic recycler) + Igor Jezdimirović (Environmental Protection Engineers), Mihajlo Vujasin (independent researcher)

Guests working outdoors: Natalie Deewan, Aleksandrar Carić, Dionis Escorsa



Outdoor work: 14-17h

Conversation: 17-19h

A conversation with guests and the community on the topic of work organization, production relations and the availability of technology.

Moderator: Danilo Prnjat (minidrive)

Guests of the speaking part: Petar Laušević (CPN), members of the mini drive, students of the “Bogdan Šuput” High School (Novi Sad), local plastic collectors

Guests working outdoors: Natalie Deewan, Aleksandrar Carić, Dionis Escorsa



Open air work: 2-5 p.m

Conversation: 5-7 p.m

A conversation with local activists and designers on the topic of the relationship between the system of education, work, design and the culture of living.

Moderation: Zoran Pantelić (

Guests of the speaking part: Adrien Ujhazi (biofabrika/Shok cooperative), Slađana Ekres and Siniša Štetin (professors of the “Bogdan Šuput” High School), Branislava Opranović (journalist/journalistic section in SS “Bogdan Šuput”), Nikola Blagojević (Movement of the Highlanders of Vojvodina) , Misha ((professional plastic recycler), Natalie Deewan (artist), students of “Bogdan Šuput” Secondary School, Morten Jesnen Wagen (artist) (TBC)

Guests working outdoors: Natalie Deewan, Aleksandrar Carić, Dionis Escorsa


29/07 — DAY#4: TUNE-UP AND LAYING OUT — concert preparation

Open air work: 2-7 p.m

Guests working outdoors: Natalie Deewan, Aleksandrar Carić, Dionis Escorsa


30/07 — DAY#5: KAO CONCERT

Concert performance time: 18-19h



Open air work: 2-7 p.m



Support: Center for New Media kuda_org, EPK Foundation – European Capital of Culture Novi Sad, 2022.

Market Reforms

Mural, 8x13m, 2021-22.

The Market Reforms mural is a drawing on a wall of large dimensions on which the glasses of members of the Central Committee of the KPJ (Yugoslav Communist Party) – participants in the adoption of the famous soft market oriented Amendments to the Constitution of 1963, 1967 and 1968 – are presented. The work connects two seemingly incompatible, but realistically present contexts – a private school that deals with the problems of acquiring knowledge, visual perception, thinking and shaping, and a state hospital – orthopedics that processes handicapped and injured bodies in the direction of their healing or reconstruction. In this sense, the chosen motif – an extension of the body – glasses are a symbol that tries to connect these two contexts – the physical (material) handicap of the eye (historical conditioning) and metaphorical handicap of the ability to see in the situation of the need to upgrade it (acquiring knowledge in a private school).

The mural is an attempt to raise questions in a provocative but educational way about the possibilities of our viewing today in the situation of historical myopia and modern handicaps for acquiring knowledge. At the same time, it is intended to be a tribute to the historical struggle of two seemingly incompatible generations of political and cultural protagonists.

The work was presented as part of the conversation: ARTISTIC WORK IN POLITICAL AND IDEOLOGICAL CIRCUMSTANCES, which is one of the formats of the Speech program of the Rex Cultural Center, which encourages joint/group discussion and analysis of works of contemporary art. The concept is based on the experiences of the projects “Conversation about the work of art” and “Artist as an audience”. This year, on the occasion of the 25th anniversary of the center’s existence and operation, the program is dedicated to examining the relationship between activism and art. During the presentation of the work at KC REX, Dragomir Olujić Oluja, political scientist, Branimir Stojanović, philosopher, Jelena Vesić, art historian and Darinka Pop Mitić, artist, participated in the discussion about the work.

Project assistants: Sanja Tomašević, Vladimir Mačar and Nina Mudrinić Milovanović

Production: The mural was realized with the support of the Ministry of Culture and Information of the Republic of Serbia, 2021.

Last Day of Work

Documentary, 28 min, 2022.

The semi-documentary film LAST WORKING DAN shows the last few days of Miloš Ristić, a worker at the GOŠA rail vehicle factory, before the factory was completely shut down.

The film evokes in an emotional way the problem of worker exploitation, the effects of deindustrialization and the condition produced by the colonial discourse and the position of the country of peripheral capitalism. By intertwining the fate of the worker with the fate of the factory, the film builds the story of the worker who was “sold together with the factory”.




About Goša Factory

GOŠA was founded in 1923, and experienced expansive development from the 1950s to the late 80s, when as many as 11 factories operated as part of the Holding. It existed for 95 years and employed at times up to 12,000 workers. It was privatized in 2007 when it was sold for EUR 1.8 million, and since it was valued at EUR 9 million. EUR (earned EUR 35 million in the first year of privatization alone) The factory was bought by a private (tycoon) from Slovakia Vladimir Poor – ŽOS Trnava. This is followed by a series of purchases and sales of factories with companies that are most often established in countries that are considered tax havens (Cyprus, etc.) and all related to the primary owner (ŽOS Trnava). Immediately after privatization, the factory is constantly in debt, with the company-buyer (ŽOS Trnava) leasing the entire production line to GOŠI, thus using it as a sub-contractor with cheap labor. The explanation given by the company when asked why someone who is doing business successfully is in debt to the company: “When you are successful, you get into debt.” In 2014, it stopped paying salaries and contributions to workers, but GOŠA RSC was founded again – a new company without employees, to which all the operations of the company that is not in the blockade are now being transferred.

In the period from 2014-2017, the new company sends GOŠA workers to Slovakia for “professional training” (16 USD per day + accommodation, no insurance, no meals, work from 12-16 hours a day). Slovakia is otherwise known as an EU country where the same labor laws do not apply to foreign workers and the resident population. Taxes and contributions to the state have not been paid for 5 years, and workers have not been paid for 3 years. To the complaints of the workers, the state responds: “You are simply a private company and nobody can do anything about it.” The state has on several occasions helped solve the problems in GOŠA – but not in the way of obliging the private individual to respect the laws of the country (paying contributions and paying salaries), but by concluding interstate agreements that enabled new business for GOŠA and by providing favorable loans from development banks and investment funds . 2015 – one worker committed suicide in the factory due to the inability to live due to not receiving a salary for a long time. 2017 – declared bankruptcy, and the workers were fired, and the new company continues to use the entire factory (without workers) under the contract. Workers’ protests. Shutting down the factory.


Artist Danilo Prnjat and former Goša factory worker Miloš Ristić started hanging out and working on this film back in 2019. The material was jointly processed during 2021 and 2022 with the help of VAC – Visual Anthropology Center in Belgrade and in cooperation with production student Nataša Radić and law student Đorđe Paunović.

Support: VAC – Visual Antropologhy Center, Belgrade, 2021-2022.

Autumn Garden

Public intervention, 2020.

The Paulownia tree (lat. Paulownia tomentosa) is one of the fastest growing trees (annual growth up to 4m) that sends its roots vertically – in depth, which does not come into collision with elements of urban infrastructure (pavements, asphalt, etc.). Paulownia tomentosa tolerates temperatures up to 45 degrees Celsius, can grow on all types of soil and has no known insect enemies, and is resistant to most known diseases. car parking and commercial spaces. 

The Minipogon group consisting of three artists (this time): Danilo Prnjat, Tijana Cvetković and Vahida Ramujkić, camouflaged as employees of City Park Service, carried out an illegal intervention of planting around 50 seedlings of this tree along the South Boulevard and at several other smaller locations in Belgrade. The action is a reaction to the ever-increasing cutting down of forests and the stripping of once greener public city areas for the purpose of repurposing and turning green areas into places for parking cars and commercial spaces.

Intervention: Danilo Prnjat, Tijana Cvetković and Vahida Ramujkić (minipogon)

ARBEITSARENA or Common Sense Plaza

community based art, 2021-2022.



Common sense is not a given. It is constantly created and recreated through multiple interactions which occur on diverse levels among individuals, collectives and communities. Common sense is a genuine product of society that is shaped in the tension between dominant politics, and reactions to them. It is a place of permanent struggle.

During the several weeks in June, Marianenplaz in Graz hosted and challenged various approaches to common sense regarding very basic concepts of everyday living: work, food, housing, education, communication, etc. In those days the square was transformed into a space of encounter, a space where it was possible to reconsider different modes and modalities of (non)fitting, folding and unfolding them into different senses and nonsenses. A place of spontaneous debate, work and play welcomed all individuals considering themselves erroneous, invisible, losers or collateral damage of the “common sense”.

During one week of June 2021, the arena was visited by various groups and individuals, who thematised the issue of work in public space. These were members of the unemployed association which held a trade union performance, a language school for women from Islamic countries which held a public class, representatives of the artists’ association who spoke about the social status of artists in society, regular scoolars, migrants and beneficiaries of the nearby Red Cross, lecturers who held a public lecture on the labor history of Graz or thematised human working hours, children who gathered every day (some of them were in the arena and celebrated their birthdays there) and residents of nearby buildings. The day always ended with music chosen by those who used the arena that day, to which we all enjoyed together.



Production: rotor – Association for Contemporary Arts, Graz, Austria, 2021.

Re-thinking Production

community based art, 2019.

How do we collaborate to overcome boundaries? How do our means of production become commonplace? And what do we create with them? In the small factory “Minipogon”, in the heart of Vienna’s Favoriten district, not only plastic is recycled, but an economy without capitalism is put to the test.

A miniature factory at the Viktor Adler market in Vienna. What is produced here? New beautiful objects from discarded plastic and the stories that emerge during their production, about work and economy, materials and waste. The idea of ​​the factory was born in Belgrade, where minipogon installed small production units in a refugee shelter. Firstly, something tangible was produced and, secondly, the time spent collecting, shredding, melting, shaping and using plastic objects was used to talk about money, the division of labour, individual and collective economy – and life itself.

In the ReThinking Production project, anyone could become a minidrive factory worker! As part of the Wienwoche festival, the art group opened a factory in Favoriten. In a joint opening event, everyone present agreed on what the next working days should look like: what they will produce, how they will work, who will be in charge of maintaining the machines, and who will provide the supplies? However, there was no talk of flexible working hours: a 6-hour working day was valid for a mini-plant! At noon, canteen discussions were held with invited guests about plastic as a material, means of production as “open hardware”, workplace organization, as well as social added value.


Sat, 15. 9., 12:00 – 15:00

Minipogon: Introductory Event

Stand 129, Viktor-Adler-Markt 129, 1100 Wien

demonstration of the machines (shredder, compressor and extruder-injector) + introduction of the topics and people + joint planning of 5 days of working process, assigning tasks and responsibilities + during all working days production process is jointly performed through simultaneous tasks, while we use breaks to discuss proposed day topics with various invited guests …

Mon, 17. 9., 10:00 – 16:00

Minipogon: 1st working day

Stand 129, Viktor-Adler-Markt 129, 1100 Wien

MATERIAL / environment, recycling, plastic residue

Tue, 18. 9., 10:00 – 16:00

Minipogon: 2nd working day

Stand 129, Viktor-Adler-Markt 129, 1100 Wien

MACHINES / technology, open hardware, means of production

Wed, 19. 9., 10:00 – 16:00

Minipogon: 3rd working day

Stand 129, Viktor-Adler-Markt 129, 1100 Wien

WORK / organizing work and work collectives, cooperatives

Thu, 20. 9., 10:00 – 16:00

Minipogon: 4th working day

Stand 129, Viktor-Adler-Markt 129, 1100 Wien

ECONOMY / economic subsistence versus equality in capitalism

Fri, 21. 9., 10:00 – 16:00

Minipogon: 5th working day

Stand 129, Viktor-Adler-Markt 129, 1100 Wien

VALUE / how to value both our work and what is being produced …

Sat, 22. 9., 16:00 – 19:00

Minipogon: Closing Event

Stand 129, Viktor-Adler-Markt 129, 1100 Wien

All outcomes of the work process are displayed and shared.
We celebrate the end of the working week.



Production: WIENWOCHE Festival, Vienna, Austria.

Organising Hope

video, 12:01″ DVD

In today’s society, the mechanisms of exploitation are so powerful that the realistically achievable opportunities and visions of a different social and work organization, both in practical and ideological terms, are difficult even to imagine. Organisinig Hope is a 4-channel video installation that presents various interventions in work self-organization: Minipogon (Belgrade, Serbia) – explores alternative methods of production, cooperative relationships, self-management and develops the concept of equity with an economic foothold. It is a production plant for making objects from recycled plastic works through inclusion of marginal social groups and as a ‘resources’ uses the rejected and by-products of a modern capitalist society.; The Calafou (Valbona, Catalunya) is an off-spring of the Cooperativa Integral Catalana, an autonomous alternative economic formation uniting hundreds of people for conducting economic exchanges and reciprocal actions and using its own currency. The factory and its apartments are being collectively acquired meaning that their residents receive a-right-to-use rather than certifications of private property.; Lets (Ostende, Belgium) is a local community oriented model of time-banking based on reciprocal service exchange that uses units of time as currency. The unit of currency is always valued at an hour’s worth of any person’s labor without matter what kind of work. Communities use this as a tool to forge stronger intra-community connections.; ERREKALEOR BIZARIK (Vitoria, Basque) is a large squat occupied by over 150 adults, mostly students located on 25 acres of land. Occupation of the building was a direct response to the obvious attempt to boost real estate speculation in a city with 15,000 empty homes, and the impossibility of paying rent in an increasingly expensive market. Continue reading Organising Hope

Mini-Plant for Production of Commonness


participatory project/intervention in the field of work, 2017-19.

Transformation in the work field towards the post-Fordist economy, globalization and the increasing number of privatizations of the public sphere have led to the constant enrichment of individuals in relation to society, the relations of domination and subordination, which are becoming more and more frequent, resulting in global migrations and wars unprecedented in recent history. Migrations are evident in the departure growth of the domicile population in the Balkans towards the West, and the detention of refugees in the EU’s border zones, mainly due to increased controls at the borders. The status of the intermediary zone between the center and the periphery that was once characteristic of the “buffer” zone in the Balkans, etc., is now expanding to the entire capitalist world, increasingly reproducing inequalities in almost all social strata (and especially in the middle and lower classes).

Continue reading Mini-Plant for Production of Commonness

Social Economic Theories Library

installation, 2018.

The idea of the educational project “Social Economical Theories-Library” is based on a promotion of alternative economical models that go beyond the neo-liberal economic system. Field of interest is the study of economic theories that offer potential opportunities for the development and establishment of economic exchange that is not sustained by the principles of individual profit entities but is driven by the interest of the community as a whole. Alternative theories of economics that project covered for this ocasion are: 1 PARECON – Participatory Economics (Michael Albert , Chris Spannos) – a non-representational economic theory based on the idea of joint decision –making, depending on the level of influence something has on subjects, self-management model of work organization based on joint-work between producers and consumers and the equal distribution of goods; 2 Inclusive Democracy (Anthony Giddens , Jon Elster , Takis Fotopoulos , Aran Gare etc.) – form of direct democracy which implies a model of political and economic decision-making that is more open to civic participation (minimalist and maximalist democratic participation); 3 Gift Theory (Marcel Mauss) – idea of a gift as the basis of exchange – an entity that gives something from him/herself  as a subject which establishes a kind of gap in itself, but that gap then continues to circulate in the collective (unlike in capitalist societies where this kind of gap stays always with the subject)- idea of gift as a way of expanding the self to the whole community; 4 Economics of Care (Nansy Folbe) – Care Work – the role of caring for each other as a form of economic exchange (the “feminist” economy); 5 Time- banking (Edgar Cahn) – economy based on the exchange of time and skills, instead of goods and services.


(Michael Albert, Chriss Spannos)

participatory economics = anarchist economics

basic values: equity, solidarity, diversity, self-menagement

key aspects: worker and consumer councils, balansed job complexes, renumeration, participatory planning


work price: intnesity +  duration + load

product price: work price + productional costs

no added value

produced value – social output

Continue reading Social Economic Theories Library